February 19, 2018
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Mouth to Mouth Resuscitation

Before you can begin mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, you must be sure the person's airway is clear. If the person does not begin breathing once the airway is clear, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.

To begin mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, position the victim so you can check for breathing by laying the person on his or her back on a flat, firm surface. Place yourself next to the person's neck and shoulders. Extend the person's neck gently, and open the mouth and airway by lifting the chin.

To determine whether the victim is breathing, place your ear above the person's mouth and listen for the sounds of inhaling or exhaling. Feel for air against your cheek and watch for motion in the victim's chest.

If the victim is not breathing, begin mouth-to-mouth resuscitation immediately. Pinch the victim's nostrils closed with your thumb and forefinger. Take a deep breath, and make a seal around the victim's mouth with your mouth. Breathe slowly into the victim's mouth twice, checking to be sure the victim's chest rises each time you breathe. After the second breath, turn your head, listen for air leaving the victim's lungs and watch to see if the chest falls.

Next, check to see if the victim has a pulse. Place two fingers on the victim's carotid artery, just to the side of the Adam's apple, to feel for movement. If the artery is pulsating, continue mouth-to-mouth resuscitation in the same way, blowing a deep breath into the victim every 5 seconds--12 breaths every minute. If the artery is not pulsating, begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

Continue to breathe for the person until he or she breathes on his or her own or until professional medical help arrives.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is used in a range of emergencies, including heart attack, choking, and drowning. In these situations, the person is unconscious and has stopped breathing. Before you begin CPR on anyone, however, you should call for immediate medical assistance. The most effective way to learn CPR is by enrolling in a class sponsored by the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross.

The goal of CPR is to restore circulation. If you are unable to find a pulse in an unconscious person, heart compression is necessary to restore circulation. These compressions must be coordinated with mouth-to-mouth resuscitation: the breathing delivers air to the lungs; heart massage pumps the oxygenated blood to the brain
and other parts of the body.

To begin CPR, place yourself at right angles to the person's chest. Find the base of the breastbone at the center of the chest where the ribs form a V. Position the heel of one hand on the chest immediately above the V; with the other hand, grasp the first hand from above, intertwining the fingers. Shift your weight forward and upward so that your shoulders are over your hands; straighten your arms and lock your elbows.

To begin pumping the heart, shift your weight onto your hands to depress the person's chest 1 and 1/2 to 2 inches. Compress the chest 15 times in a slow, even rhythm. After 15 compressions, breathe for the person twice. Establish a regular rhythm of compressing and breathing, counting aloud. If help does not arrive in 1 minute and a phone is readily available, call for an ambulance immediately--then resume CPR.

Heimlich Maneuver

The Heimlich Maneuver is the best known method of removing an object from the airway of a person who is choking. You can use it on yourself or someone else.

Pleasant Valley Fire Department offers CPR on a regular basis.  We offer classes for groups or individuals needing CPR.  We provide Basic Heartsaver classes to Healthcare Provider classes.
For more information fill out the CPR contact form below and someone will get back with you.

  • CPR Interest Form (Posted: Nov 17, 2008 17:23:18)

  • Page Last Updated: Nov 17, 2008 (17:23:18)
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